Apple Scions, Scionwood, and Budwood

French & English Cider Apple Cultivars

Pre-Order for Spring 2017

(List Updated: July 2016)

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After eight years of drilling deep into French, English, and American cider refrences that took us back to the 1600s, a fortune of information on cider apple cultivars and flavor profiles was found. For the rest of the information on this page, the US term 'Hard Cider' is refrenced as 'Cider', and where a non-alcholic beverage is a term, it is refrenced as 'Juice' not 'Cider'.

  • We collected and propagated as many of the verified cider cultivars as we could. During our years of searching, we sadly found that the famous Nick Botner Orchard was to be closed because retirement had come. However, luck ran our way and we were able to save all of his French, English, and American Cider cultivars not available through the USDA. For the sake of perpetuating long-lost Premium Cider cultivars, we consulted Mr. Botner on our goals, and he also gave us some additional unlisted and largely unknown cultivars. Because of this intensive research, the cultivars we offer vary greatly between the common and the extremely rare cider apples.
  • Typically Premium Cider is a blend of sweet, acidic, and aromatic apples that are balanced with bittersweet or bittersharp French and English cultivars. So if your goal is to make 'Premium Cider' the list below offers all the assorted cultivars that you would ever really need. Included are some additional cultivars that have extra-ordinary traits making them highly desirable for special purposes.
  • Since key cider making compounds in apples vary considerably from year-to-year; to maintain the flavor profiles of premium cider for the long-term, it is very important to have enough 'blending-cultivars' on hand to give you freedom to adjust single compounds in a problematic cider. Vintage cultivars can be a poor choice for specific adjustments.
  • When selecting cultivars, keep in mind of a common misconception that just one 'Vintage' cider apple cultivar can be relied on to make good cider without blending. This is assumption is largely untrue. The term 'Vintage' indicates that the apple is considered to be 'Complete' where all key cider making compounds are present. Vintage does not mean that the compounds are of the correct concentrations and ratio. Blending is still a requirement to get a cider up and over the top of average ciders and into the Premium Grade world. However, the true value of the vintage cider apple is in the fact that by it having all of the required compounds present, the resulting juice can serve as an excellent base juice or cider to build on with only minor blending.
  • Not all cultivars perform the same in every growing region. In the grand scheme of things, the main controlling factor in cider apple quality can be summarized by the French term 'Terroir' used for growing wine grapes. Terroir is a term that encompasses the climate, terrain, soil and tradition that goes into growing for quality and targeted flavor profiles. The concentration and ratios of the cidermaking compounds in the same apples grown in an arid region with irrigation will differ from the levels found in apples grown in alpine or coastal areas. So when doing your own research, know that the opinion of orchardists on certain cultivars in their region may not apply to your region because the terroirs are different.

No Minimum Scionwood Order     ***    Scions - $4.50 each    ***   Shipping and Handling - $14.95.
Ship Domestically in the US - to the Lower 48 States.

 Ordering Instructions: 
  1. Select and Copy the names of the scionwood varieties you want below.
  2. Click Order Scions
, and Paste your scionwood selections into the body of the email with how many scions you want of each.
 
IMPORTANT: If we cannot fill your order completely; please list your alternate scionwood choices; otherwise we will refund you for any scion shortage when your order ships.
  3.
 Click send email. 

  • For Reserve Orders (Before October 1): Your Reserve Order will be placed in a status of first-to-be-filled and billed. After October 1st you will receive a PayPal invoice so you can purchase and reserve your scions. Between now and October 1, feel free to modify your order as you like. Doing so will not change your status in line. 
  • For Paid Orders (After October 1): After pre orders are filled: within 24 hours after placing your order, we verify availability your scionwood selections; and send you a PayPal invoice so you can purchase and reserve your scions. 
  • To safely reserve your scions for Spring shipment, please pay for your scions when you receive your invoice. Many scionwood cultivars are in high demand and inventory can change daily. Scion are generally 12" long by 1/4" thick; however, depending on some varieties and their genetic behavior; you may receive a bundle of several short scions that are approximately 1/8" in diameter.

 

 BitterSweet: (Significant Tannins)  (Low to Insignificant Acids) (Some are Aromatic) (Variable Sugar)
  Amere de Berthecourt  Bittersweet (Mild-Med), Can be Aromatic France, Parisis-Fontaines Berthecourt (Oise), 1848
  Amzr Gauthier    Bittersweet (Full) France, at Least 1940s
  Bedan (Bedon, Ameret, Bee d'Ane, Bee d Angle, Bedane, Bedange, Bedangue, Berdan, Beurdan, Calotte, de Saint Hilaire, de Saint-Martin, Petit doux de Bretagne) Bittersweet France, Normandy, 1363
  Bedan des Partes  Bittersweet France, Normandy
  Binet Blanc (Binet, Binet Blanc, Binet Blanche, Binet-Blanc ou Dore, Binet Dore) Bittersweet (Mild), No Astringency France, Normandy, 1800s
  Binet Rouge Bittersweet (Mild), Calvados France, Normandy, Maine-et-Loire
  Binet Violet (Binet-gris)  Bittersweet (Mild), No Astringency France, Seine Inferieur, Late 1900s
  Bramtot Bittersweet *Vintage* Sub-Acid, Astringency (High) France, 1870s
  Brown Snout  Bittersweet (Mild-Med) England, Yarkhill, Hereford, 1850s
  Brown Thorn (Argile Grise') Bittersweet (Mild), Astringency (Mild) France, Normandy, 1800s
  Chisel Jersey Bittersweet (Full), Astringency (High) England, Somerset, 1800s
  C'huero Biz Bras Bittersweet France, Brittany, 1800s
  Cimitiere (Cimitiere De Blangy, Cimetiere du Pays) Bittersweet (Med), Cider, Calvados France, Blangy le Chateau, Normandy
  Coat Jersey Bittersweet (Full) England, Somerset, Coat village, Martock, 1950s
  Dabinett Bittersweet (Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Med) England, Middle Lambrook, 1800s
  Domaine - Not Domine (Domaines) Bittersweet (Full) France, Normandy
  Doux Normandie (Sweet Normandie) Bittersweet (Mild) France, Normandy, 1800s
  Ellis Bitter   Bittersweet (Med), Astringency (Soft) England, Somerset, 1800s
  Fillbarrell (Fill Barrell) Bittersweet (Mild) England, Woolston / Sutton Montis, 1800s
  Frequin Bittersweet, Calvados France, Normandy
  Frequin Audievre Bittersweet France, 1800s
  Frequin Tardive de la Sarth Bittersweet France, 1800s
  Fuero Rous  Bittersweet France, Brittany, 1800s
  Grise Dieppois Bittersweet France, 1800s
  Gros Bios Bittersweet (Mild) France, 1800s
  Gros Launet Bittersweet, Aromatic, Can Develop Perfumed Flavor France, 1800s
  Gros-Frequin Bittersweet France, Avranches / Sarthe, 1857s
  Harry Masters Jersey (Port Wine)  Bittersweet (Med-Full) *Vintage* Astringency (Soft) England, Sommerset, 1800s
  Improved Dove Bittersweet (Mild) England, Somerset, 1800s
  Jouveaux Bittersweet France
  Launette Bittersweet (Full) France, 1800s
  Major  Bittersweet (Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Soft) England, Devon,1880s
  Marechal Bittersweet, Aromatic France
  Marin Onfroy Bittersweet (Med), Astringent France, Pont-de-la-Maye, 1949
  Medaille d’Or Bittersweet (Full), Tannins (Soft), Astringency (High) France, Boisguillaume, 1800's
  Metais (USDA same as Mettais) Bittersweet (Med-Full) *Vintage* France, 1800s
  Mettais (USDA same as Metais) Bittersweet (Med-Full) *Vintage* France, 1800s
  Mishelin Bittersweet (Med), Tannin (Soft), Astringency (Mild) France, Normandy, 1872
  Muscadet de Bernay  Bittersweet (Med) France, Normandy, Bernay, 1700s
  Muscadet de Dieppe Bittersweet (Mild) France, Dieppe, 1760s
  Muscadet de Lense Bittersweet, Astringent France, Normandy
  Nantot Bittersweet France, 1800s
  Nehou  Bittersweet (Full), Astringency (Med) France, 1920's  
  Noël des Champs Bittersweet (Mild) France, Pays d'Auge, 1800s
  Redstreak - Not Somerset Redstreak (Spelt Redstrake, Red Streak or Red-streak, Herefordshire Redstreak or Old Redstreak, Scudamore Crab ) Bittersweet England, Herefordshire, 1600s
  Reine des Hâtives Bittersweet (Mild), Tannins (Soft), Astringency (Mild) France, 1800s
  Reine des Pommes Bittersweet (Full), Astringent, Can be Aromatic, Unique Flavor France, La Guerche-de-Bretagne, 1889
  Rousse Latour (Rous Latour)   Bittersweet (Very-Low Tan) France, Normandy, 1800s
  Royal Wilding (Cadbury, Pounsett) Bittersweet England, Devon, Exeter, Late 1800s
  Saint Martin Bittersweet (Mild), Calvados France, Normandy
  Tardive Forestiere  Bittersweet (Full) France, 1930s
  Tremlett's Bitter - UK (Tremblett's Bitter, Tramletts Bitter) Bitterswet (See Tremlett's - Geneva for Bittersharp) England, 1850s
  Vilbere (Ville-bery, Vilbery) Bittersweet (Full) France, Brittany, 1800s
  White Jersey Bittersweet (Mild-Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Mild) England, Cadbury Castle, 1800s
  Whitney Crab - Upright Habit- Productive - Very Hardy - Bittersweet (Mild), Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Canning, Pickling, Astringency (Slight) USA, Franklyn Grove, Illinois, 1860s
  Yarlington Mill Bittersweet (Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Mild) England, Yarlington, West Cadbury, 1800s
       
 BitterSharp: (Significant Tannins) – (High Acids) – (Variable Sugar)
  Breakwell's Seedling  Bittersharp (Med), Astringency (Mild-Variable) Wales, Monmouth, 1880s
  Cap of Liberty (Red Soldier,Carrion Apple, Cherry Norman, Hitterley) Bittersharp (Mild) *Vintage* Astringent England - France 1200s
  Dolgo Crab (Malus Pink Glow, Malus Dolgo)  Bittersharp, Hi Pectin, Culinary Russia, Siberia, at Least 1890s
  Dufflin Bittersharp (Full) England, Cornwall / Devonshire / Taunton
  Dymock Red (Dimock's Red, Dymock' s Red) Bittersharp (Med) *Vintage* England, Gloucestershire, Dymock Village, 1800s
  Foxwhelp (Geneva)  Bittersharp *Vintage* England, Sommerset, 1800s
  Golden Hornet Crab Bittersharp, High in Pectin, Culinary England, Waterer's Nursery, 1949
  Hewe's Crab (Virginia Crab, Cider Crab, Hughe’s Virginia Crab)  Bittersharp *Vintage* Astringent USA, Virginia, Late 1700s
  Kingston Black (Black Taunton) Bittersharp (Mild-Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Slight) England, Kingston / Taunton, Late 1800s
  Lambrook Pippin Bittersharp (Full), Astringent, Culinary England, Lambrook, Somerset
  Porter's Perfection Bittersharp (Med), Astringency (Low) England, East-Lambrook, 1800s
  Red Vain Crab Bittersharp, Astringent Pending
  Redfield Bittersharp, Culinary, High Pectin USA, New York, 1938  
  Stembridge Cluster Bittersharp (Med), Can Be Aromatic England, Stembridge, 1940s
  Stoke Red (Neverblight) Bittersharp (Med) *Vintage* Astringency (Low-Med) England, Wedmore / Devon, 1920s
  Tremlett's Bitter - Geneva (Tremblett's Bitter,  Tremblett's Bitter., Tramletts Bitter) Bittersharp  (See Tremlett's - UK for Bittersweet) USA, Geneva New York, 1910
       
 Pure Sweet: (Low to No Tannins) – (Low to Insignificant Acids) – (Some Aromatic) – (Variable Sugar)
  Court Royal  (Sweet Blenheim, Possum, Pound) Pure-Sweet *Vintage* Low-Acid, High Sugar, Dessert England, Devon, 1800s
  Dunkerton Late Pure-Sweet, Low-Acid, Low Tannin England, Somerset, 1940s
  Fenoulillet Gris (Fenoullet, Anise Fenouillet, Fenellet, Fenouillet d'Or Gros, Gros Fenouillet, Gorge de Pigeon, Petit Fenouillet, Pomme d'Anis, Winter Anis Beinetlc) Pure Sweet, Low-Acid, Aromatic, Can Have Light Aniseed or Musk Perfume France, 1628
  Le Bret Pure-Sweet, Low-Acid England, Bristol, 1950s   
  Northwood  (Woodbine) Pure-Sweet *Vintage* Low-Acid, Astringency (Low), Can Have Honeysuckle Aroma England, Crediton, Devon, 1700s
  Sweet Coppin  Pure-Sweet *Vintage* Low-Acid, Slight Tannin, No Astringency England, Devon, 1700s
  Tolman Sweet (Tolman, Tolmans Sweeting, Brown's Golden Sweet) - Hardy - productive -  Pure-Sweet, Low-Acid, Dessert, Culinary  USA, Rhode Island, 1822
  Twistbody Jersey Pure-Sweet, Low-Acid Pending
       
 Sharp: (Low to No Tannins) – (Very-High Acids) – (Mostly Aromatic) – (Variable Sugar)
  Bramley's Seedling (Bramley) Sharp (Full), Culinary England, Nottinghamshire, 1809
  Brown's Apple Sharp (Full) *Vintage* Tannin (Mild), Astringency (Mild) England, Devon, 1900s
  Crimson King (John Toucher’s, Bewley Down Pippin) Sharp (Med-Full) *Vintage* No Astringency, Cider, Culinary England, Somerset, 1895
  Grenadier - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Spurs - Sharp (Full), Culinary England, Buckinghamshire, 1862
  Tom Putt (Jeffreys Seedling ) - Vigorous- Spreading- Spur - Sharp (Full), Tannins (Mild), Dessert, Culinary England, Somerset, 1700s
       

 Dessert & Cullinary: (Low to No Tannins) – (Medium to High Acids) – (Mostly Aromatic) – (Variable Sugar)

  Arkansas Black Sweet, Sub-Acid, Aromatic, Culinary USA, Benton County, Arkansas, 1840s
  Ashmead's Kernel  - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Aromatic, Intense Flavor England, Gloucestershire, 1700s
  Baldwin (Woodpecker, Felch? Pecker, Red Baldwin, Steele's Red Winter, Butters, Deacon Samuel Thompson)  - Medium Vigor - Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Culinary, Fruity Flavor USA, Massachusetts, 1740s
  Bedford Pippin Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Spicy Flavorful England, Bedford, 1913
  Belflower (Yellow Bellflower, Bellefleur Yellow, Bishop's Pippin of Nova Scotia, Reinette Masque, Belle-Fleur, Lady Washington, Warren Pippin, Waskington, Beinette Musque, Warren Pippin) -Vigerious - Prtoductive -Long Lived - Very Suseptable to Scab - Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary, Aromatic, Rich Sweet Flavor USA, New Jersey, 1742
  Bella de Jardins Sweet, Sub-Acid, Unique Flavor Spain, 1800s
  Belle de Pontoise Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Brisk Flavor France, 1879
  Belle Fille (Reinette Grise, Grey Reinette, Reinette Grise Extra, Reinette Grise, Reinette Grise d'Hiver, Prager, Dobbel Bellefleur, Double Belle Fleur, Double Bon Pommier, Double Bonne Ente, Franc Bon Pommier, Franc-Bon-Pommier, Franse Belle Fleur, Franse Bellefleur, French Bellefleur, French Bellflower, Grosse Bonne Ente) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Rich Flavor France, at Least 1950s
  Black Oxford -Long Lived over 117 years - Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Mild Flavor USA, Oxford County, Maine, 1790s
  Black Twig (Arkansas Black,Mammoth Blacktwig, Paragon, Arkansas)  Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary USA, Arkansas-Tennessee, 1860s
  Blanc Sur (Orne) (Blanc Dur (Orne?)) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Mild Flavor, Culinary France, at Least 1948
  Blue Pearmain  - Medium Vigor - Very Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Delicate Aromatic USA, Boston, 1800s
  Bohnapfel      Sweet, Sharp, Culinary Germany, 1700s
  Bouteille (Bouteille de Liseux) Sweet Apple-Juice, Sometimes Lightly Astringent France, Liseux, 1800s
  Bouteille de Liseux (Bouteille) Sweet Apple-Juice, Sub-Acid, Sometimes Lightly Astringent France, Normandy, Liseux
  Boutville Sweet Apple-Juice, Calvados Brandy France, 1800s
  Brambent Bell (Belfler Brabantskii, Belle de Flandres, Belle Fleur Brabant, Belle Fleur de Brabant, Belle Fleur Kleiner Brabanter, Belle Fleur Simple, Belle-Fleur d'Automne, Belle-Fleur d'Hiver, Belle-Fleur de Brabant, Bellefleur Brabandse Zure, Bellefleur Brabant, Bon Pommier, Bon pommier, Bon-Pommier, Bon-Pommier d'Automne, Brabandsche Belle-Fleur, Brabansche Belle-Fleur, Brabansche Bellefleur, Brabant, Brabant Belle Fleur, Brabant Belle-Fleur, Brabant Belle-Flower, Brabant Bellflower, Brabanter Belle-Fleur, Brabantse Belle-Fleur, Brabantse Bellefleur, de Brabandse Bellefleur Appel, de Brabandse Bellfleur Appel, Enkele Bellefleur, Gloire de Flandes, Gloire de Flandre, Glory of Flanders, Grosser Brabanter Belle Fleur, Iron, Iron Apple, Kenteman's Apfel, Kenteman's Appel, Keulemans, Kleine Belle Fleur, Kleine Bellefleur, Kleine Brabanter Bellefleur, Kleiner Brabanter, Kleiner Brabanter Belle Fleur, Kleiner Brabanter Belle-Fleur, Koolappel, Large Mouche, New Scarlet Pearmain, Petit Bon Pommier, Petite Belle Fleur, Petite Bonne Ente, Rambour Rouge, Strieping, Sweet Laden, Sweet Lading, Sweet Laydon, Sweet Leyden, Westland Bellefleur, Westlandische Belle Fleur, Westlandse Bellefleur, Winter Belle-Fleur, Winter Bellefleur) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary Holland, 1700s
  Calvile Rouge (Red Autumn Calville, Calville Rouge d'Automne, Calville Rouge, Calville d'Automne, Pomme Violette, Erd Beere, or Strawberry of Switzerland, Rosseau)  - Medium Vigor  - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Cullinary, Sometimes Vinous Woody-Strawberry Flavor France, Brittany, Early 1600s
  Calville Blanc (Calville Blanc D'hiver, White Winter Calville, Blanche de Zurich)  - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Rich-Bold Flavor France, 1598
  Calvin Sweet Apple-Juice, Calvados Brandy, Dessert, Culinary USA, Virginia 1800s
  Champagne Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Can Develop Spicy Flavor England, Newborough, at Least 1960s
  Champlain (Summer Pippin, Nyack, Champlan, Calkin's Pippin, Geneva Peunnain, Haverstraw Pippin, Large Golden Pippin, Nyack Pippin, Paper Apple, Sour Bough, Tart Bough, Underdunh, Wabrorth) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary Origin Unknown, APS Catalog 1871
  Cherry Pearmain      Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Cider, Culinary England, Hereford, 1800s
S/O Cinnamon Spice (Laxtons Fortune) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Can Have Noticeable Cinnamon Flavor England, 1931
  Claygate Pearmain (Baptist)  - Medium Vigor - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Rich-Strong Nutty Flavor England, Claygate in Surrey, 1821
  Cole  Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Rich Australia
  Corllon (Belle de Crollon) Sweet Apple-Juice, Calvados Brandy France, Corllon, at Least 1948
  Court Pendu de France Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, at Least 1700s
  Court Pendu Plat (Court Penu Rouge, Court Pendu Rose, Coriander Rose,  Prineesse Noble Zoete, Garrnons, Garnon's Apple, Capendu, Coriandre Rose, Court Pendu, Court Pendu Extra, Court Pendu Gris, Court Pendu Musque, Court Pendu Plat Rougeatre, Court Pendu Rond Gros, Court Pendu Rouge Musque, Pomme de Berlin, Princess Noble Zoete, Reinette de Capenda, Russian, Wollaton Pippin) - Very Very Late Flowering - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Intense Flavor, Can Have Aromatic Pineapple-Like Flavor France, Mandeure / Montbéliard, 1613
  Courtland (Cortland) - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Can Develop Vinous Flavor USA, Geneva, New York, 1898
  Cox Orange Pippin Sweet, Sub-Acid, Aromatic, Rich-Fine Brisk Flavor England, 1800s
  Crows Egg (Crow Egg) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Tangy USA, Virginia, Europe at Least 1832
  Dayton Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Brisk-Spicy Flavor USA, Illinois, Purdue, 1988
  De Flanders  (Flanders Reinette, Reinette de Flandre, De Flandre, De Flandres in French, De Flandre, Pomme Figue)  Sweet Apple-Juice, Sub-Acid, Fruity France, Aube, 1876
  Double Bon Pommier (Belle-Fleur de France, French Bellflower, Bellefleur de France, Double Bellefleur, Dobbel Bellefleur) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary France, Dubois / Landrecies, 1882
  Eargmont Russet - Can Get Bitter Pit - Medium Vigor -Upright Spreading - Heavy Spurring - Sweet, Sharp, Aromatic, Distinctive Flavor, Can Have Nutty/Smoky Flavor England, Sussex, 1872
  Espious Spitzinburg (Esopus Spitzenberg, Esopus Spitzenburg, True Spitzenburg) Sweet, Sharp, Rich Fruity Flavor USA, Espious, 1790s
  Florina Sweet, Sharp, Aromatic, Fine Flavor France, Angers, at Least 1960s
  Frequin Lacaille Sweet Apple-Juice, Calvados Brandy France, Normandy, 1900s
  Geeveston Fanny Sweet, Sub-Acid, Aromatic Australia, Tasmania, Geeveston, 1870s
  Gilpin (Carthouse, Small Romanite, Little Red Romanite, Gray Romanite, Roman Knight, Romanite of the West, Dollars and Cents, Red Romanite, Romanite, Small Red Long Keeper) Sweet Apple-Juice, Calvados Brandy, Dessert USA, Virginia, 1700's
  Golden Harvey (Brandy Apple, Round Russet Harvey) Sweet, Sharp, Cider, Intense Flavor, Aromatic England, Hertfordshire, 1600's
  Golden Nobel - Medium Vigor - Upright Spreading - Few Spurs Mainly Tip - Sweet, Sharp, Culinary England, Norfolk, 1820s
  Golden Russet (Bullet Pippin, Fox Apple, Long Tom, English Golden Russet, English Golden, Russet Golden, Aromatic or Golden Russeting) Sweet Apple-Juice, Sub-Acid, Rich and Mild USA, New York, 1700s
  Granniewinkle  Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Cider, Culinary, Rich and Honeyed Flavor USA, New Jersey, 1800s
  Grimes Golden (Grimes Golden Pippin, Bellflower, Grimes Golden Pippin. Golden, Grime's)  Sweet Apple-Juice, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Aromatic, Rich-Spicy Honeyed Flavor USA, West Virginia, 1832
  Grindstone (American Pippen) - Hardy - Vigorous - Productive - Sweet Apple-Juice, Sub-Acid, Culinary, Mild Flavor USA, 1872
  Haralson Sweet, Sub-Acid, Rich Tangy Flavor USA, Minnesota, Excelsior, 1959
  Harrison  Sweet, Sharp *Vintage* Rich Sprightly, Can Develop Quince-Like Flavor USA, Essex County, New Jersey, 1770s
  Honey Ball Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Honeyed Flavor Ireland
  Honey Gold Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary, Intense Flavor USA, Minnesota Hort Research Center 1935
  Honeycrisp Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Aromatic, Fine Mild Flavor USA, University of Minnesota, 1960s
  Hudsons Golden Gem Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Mild Nutty Flavor USA, Oregon, Tangent, 1931
  Improved Lambrook Pippin Sweet, Sharp (Mild), No Astringency, Cider, Culinary England, Lambrook, Somerset, 1960s
  James Grieve - Red Rosamund Strain - May Bruise Easily - Medium Vigor - Spurs - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Intense Savory-Sharp Flavor Scotland, Edinburgh, 1893
  Karmijn de Sonnaville Sweet, Sharp, Aromatic, Intense Flavor Netherlands / Holland, 1949
  Kerry Pippen (Edmonton's Aromatic Pippin) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Spicy-Intense Flavor Ireland, 1802
  King David Sweet, Sharp, Cider, Dessert, Culinary, Sweet-Spicy and Tart USA, Durham, Arkansas, 1893
  Lady - Not Appai (Api, Api Petit, Pomme Rose, Pomme d'Api Rouge, Petit Api Rouge, Gros Api Rouge) - Upright Habit - Vigerious - Clusters of Small Apples - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Fruity Flavor France, 1628
  Langworthy (Sour Natural , Wyatt’s Seedling) Sweet, Sharp (Med) England, Devon, 1932
  Lindel Sweet, Astringent, Aromatic, Mild Flavor Canada, Smithfield, 1971
  Margil (Reinette Musquee, Never Fail, Small Ribston) -Weak Spreading - Spur - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Rich and Intensely Flavored France, 1700s
  Milo Gibson  Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Low-Acid, Can Develop Licorice/Anise Flavor USA, 20th Century
  Norfork Beefing (Read's Baker, Catshead Beaufin, Norfolk Beaufin, Norfolk Beefing) Sweet, Sharp, Rich Taste, Culinary, Can Get Cinnamon/Raisin Flavor When Cooked England, Norfork, 1698
  Orleans Reinette - Not Golden Reinette (Winter Ribston) -Vigorous -Upright-Spreading - Spur - Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Aromatic, Nutty and Highly Flavored France, 1776
  Paradis De Padre  Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, 1800s
  Paradis De Vayer Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, 1800s
  Peau d’Ane Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, Normandy, 1800s
  Peau-de-Vache (Peau de Vache, Douce Morelle) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, Normandy, 1800s
  Pendragon Sweet, Sharp, Aromatic, Medicinal Cider England, Devon / Cornwall, 1100s
  Pink Delight Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic Pending
  Pink Pearl Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary USA, California, 1940s
  Pixi Crunch Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Rich-Full Flavored USA, Indiana, 1993
  Priscilla Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Can Develop Licorice-Like Aroma USA, Purdue, Illinois, 1972
  Pristine (Previously COOP 32) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary USA, Purdue, Illinois, 1994
  Rambour d'Automne Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Can Develop Hint of Strawberry Flavor France, Belgium, 1948
  Red Astrachan Sweet, Astringent, Can Develop Vinous Flavor Russia, 1780
  Red Hook Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic USA, Geneva New York, 1923
  Red Sause Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary USA, Geneva New York, 1910
  Reinette Clochard (Clochard) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Rich Intense Flavor France, Normandy, Late 1800s
  Reinette De Jardins Sweet, Sharp, Dessert France, 1800s
  Reinette Tres Tardive (Winter Pearmain) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary France, 1800s
  Ross Nonpariel (French Pippin, Lawson Pearmain, Nonpareil Ross) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Culinary, Can Have Pear-Drop Flavor Ireland, Meath, 1802
  Roxbury Russet (Boston Russet, Russet Golden, Leather Coat) -Hardy- Sweet, Sharp, Tannins (Soft), Dessert, Aromatic, Full Flavored USA, Roxbury, 1600s
  Rubenette (Rafzubin) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Superb-Intense Flavor Switzerland, Rafz, 1960s
  Sam Young (Irish Russet) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Excellent Flavor Ireland, 1800s
  Smiths Cider (Cider, Cider Apple, Popular Bluff, Choice Kentucky, Cider, Cider Apple, Fowler, Fuller, Jackson Winesap, Pennsylvania Cider, and Smith's) - Spreadinbg - Vigerious - Low  Chill - Overbears-  Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary USA, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 1817
  Smokehouse (Mill Creek, Vandevere, Red Vandevere, English Vandevere, Gibbon's Smokehouse) Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Slightly Aromatic, Spicy-Cider Flavor USA, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1830s
  Stayman's Winesap Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Aromatic, Sweet-Tart Vinous Flavor USA, Kansas, 1866
  Sweet Alford  Sweet *Vintage* (Sometimes Slight Tannins) England, Devon, 1700s
  Taylors (Taylors Sweet) Sweet Apple-Juice, Slight Tannin England, Worcester / South Petherton, 1883
  Teint Fraise (Kerlivio) Sweet, Sharp, Brisk Flavor France, Brittany, 1700's
  Tomkins King (King of Tompkins County, Flat Spitzenburg, King, King Apple, King Apple of America, Toma Red, Tommy Red, Tom's Red and Winter King) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Dessert, Culinary USA, Warren County, New Jersey in 1804
  Trancendent Crab Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary, Astringent (Mild) Pending
  Wealthy (Seedling of Cherry Crab) -Winter Hardy - Early Bearing - Smallish Tree - Biannual - Drops Badly -  Sweet, Sub-Acid, Aromatic, Can Develop Hint of Strawberry or Vinous Flavor USA, Excelsior, Minnesota,1860s
  Wheelers Golden Russet Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Culinary, Rich and Spicy Flavor USA, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, 1950s
  Wickson Crab Sweet, Sharp, Cider, High in Pectin, Dessert, Culinary, Pickling, Aromatic, Spicy Flavor USA, California, 1944
  Wild Horton Sweet, Sub-Acid, Slightly Bitter USA, Bellingham, Washington, 2005
  Winter Majestic (Winter Majetin? Majetin, Winter Majettin) Sweet, Sub-Acid, Culinary, Good Strong Taste England, Norfolk, 1820s
  Worstshire Pearmain Sweet, Sharp, Dessert, Well Ripened Can Develop Heavy Strawberry-Like Flavor England, Worcester, 1870s
       
- Evaluating -
  Gloriosa (Echtermeyer)  Evaluating UK, 1600s
  Martha Evaluating Pending
  Norman-Cross Pink Meat Evaluating USA, Oregon, Botner Orchard